RAND ㅣ 2018.01.12
Research impact is often assessed through statistical analysis of scientific publications citing the work or through qualitative assessments by subject-matter experts. However, such assessments seldom estimate the economic benefit associated with particular research investments in terms of lives saved, injuries or illnesses averted, or increases in worker productivity maintained. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) asked the RAND Corporation to develop and illustrate an approach for estimating the economic benefit of NIOSH research, using three case studies. The cases provide concrete illustrations of the ways in which NIOSH research might have an impact on worker health and safety practices and outcomes, as well as some initial estimates of the economic benefit associated with those impacts.