For years, economists and pundits pointed to Australia’s generous student loan program as a model for reform in the U.S. But late last year, Australia revamped its program over warnings of a cost blow out. This major development has received little attention among policymakers in the U.S. Yet it offers important lessons, particularly as government watchdogs are raising alarm over unexpected costs in the U.S. loan program. It turns out, the events in both countries are related.