본문 내용으로 건더뛰기

KDI 경제정보센터

ENG
  • Economic

    Information

    and Education

    Center

영상
애그테크 - 개념편 (영문판) 2023.10.18

#1. November 2021 in Korea: No lettuce in burgers. #2. May 2022: French fries also disappeared. #3. What happened to the hamburger? #4. The climate crisis and logistical disruptions (caused by geopolitical instability) have brought global food security to a critical juncture. #5. To solve the food security crisis, countries around the world are turning to AgTech. #6. AgTech is a portmanteau of "agriculture" and "technology," referring to the industry in which cutting-edge technology, #7. such as artificial intelligence, the Internet of Things (IoT), big data, and robotics, is applied to the entire production process, from sowing to distribution. #8. In other words, AgTech brings together traditional agriculture and new advanced technologies to increase productivity and stabilize distribution of agricultural products. #9. AgTech has even transformed the fundamental nature of agriculture, which had previously been considered unchangeable. #10. Using nutrient-dense water, IT panels, and LED lighting, farming is now possible even when there is no soil and sunlight. #11. Automation systems and self-driving robots can be used to grow crops without human intervention. #12. In one example, eco-friendly farming applied IT solutions to save water usage by 95 percent. #13. That‘s not to say AgTech comes with only benefits. There are also voices of concern. #14. Critics claim that the initial costs of installing cultivation facilities, including equipment and sensors, are excessive. #15. Also up to 40 percent of production costs need to be allocated to the energy to maintain a suitable greenhouse environment, leading some people to believe the process is actually harmful to the environment. #16. The UN Food and Agriculture Organization(FAO) predicts that the world population will rapidly increase to 9.7 billion by the year 2050. #17. To meet the growing demand for food, analysts suggest that food production must expand by roughly 60 percent, compared to 2010 levels. #18. To stabilize production volume and food security, the use of AgTech now appears to be inevitable. #19. Agriculture transformed by cutting-edge technology. #20. New Innovations will continue to reshape the industry.