- The Export and Proliferation of Nuclear Technology
On Feb. 5, 2021, the Congressional Study Group on Foreign Relations and National Security met to discuss the export and proliferation of civilian nuclear technology. Over the course of the Biden administration’s first term, the United States will have to decide not only whether to re-enter a nuclear agreement with Iran, but also whether to renew or amend U.S. civilian nuclear cooperation agreements with Egypt (2021), Morocco (2021), South Korea (2021) and Turkey (2023), enter into an agreement with Saudi Arabia, and resume or expand nuclear cooperation with Russia and China. But what input does Congress have into these decisions? And how could it choose to structure legal authorities differently if it wanted to expand that role?
To discuss these issues, the study group was joined by two outside experts: Henry Sokolski, the Executive Director of the Nonproliferation Education Center; and Eldon Greenberg, a former Deputy General Counsel for the U.S. Agency for International Development (“USAID”) among other senior government roles.