본문 내용으로 건더뛰기

모바일 대메뉴명

KDI 경제정보센터

KDI 경제정보센터의 다양한
경제정책정보를 만나 보세요.

최신자료

Multinationals and Structural Transformation
NBER 2022.09.29 원문보기
We study the role of multinationals (MNCs) in facilitating firm-level and aggregate structural transformation. Using a stylized model of multinational production and trade, we show that an inward multinational liberalization in the manufacturing sector raises employment in host country firms, and decreases manufacturing employment, while also raising services employment, in the parent firms. We also show the conditions under which aggregate structural transformation occurs. We test the model‘s firm-level predictions by using confidential microdata from Japan. We study the response of Japanese MNC parents and of their affiliates in China to an exogenous change in China‘s openness to foreign direct investment (FDI). We find that in industries where inward FDI was encouraged, Japan MNC‘s affiliates in China experienced increases in their employment. We also find that MNC parents in the encouraged industries experienced decreases in home country manufacturing employment and increases in home country services and R&D employment. Finally, using microdata for several advanced and middle-income countries, we decompose the change in overall manufacturing employment shares into MNC and non-MNC components. We find a significant role for MNCs across all countries, suggesting the mechanism we highlight is an important global driver of structural transformation.
KDI 경제정보센터