This report was Jointly prepared by ESCAP and the ASEAN Secretariat.
The report unveils the findings of the 2023 United Nations Global Survey on Digital and Sustainable Trade Facilitation, focusing on the progress made in trade facilitation across the 10 ASEAN countries.
Based on an initial set of 31 general trade facilitation measures, the survey uncovers that ASEAN achieved an impressive subregional implementation rate of 81% (compared with 79% in 2021), which significantly surpassed the Asia-Pacific region’s average implementation rate of 67%. The report highlights that significant trade cost reductions could be achieved through the implementation of paperless and cross-border paperless trade measures, surpassing the impact of conventional trade facilitation measures. Full implementation of binding and non-binding measures outlined in the WTO TFA could lead to a reduction in trade costs to just over 3%. On the other hand, the adoption of digital trade facilitation measures, facilitating seamless electronic exchange of trade data and documents across borders, has the potential to significantly reduce trade costs by more than 9% for ASEAN in a full implementation scenario. Building upon existing initiatives and fostering collaboration among ASEAN Member States, the Framework Agreement on Facilitation of Cross-Border Paperless Trade in Asia and the Pacific offers further opportunities for ASEAN countries to promotetheir own initiatives and solutions as well as support the further advancement of the ASEAN Single Window and ensuring interoperability with other paperless trade systems..