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KDI 경제정보센터

ENG
  • Economic

    Information

    and Education

    Center

최신자료
New Views Of Structural Transformation: Insights From Recent Literature
NBER
2023.11.29
This paper describes an emerging literature in economics that aims to merge macro issues of structural change and growth with micro data and analysis. This literature focuses on a set of related patterns of change that accompany the processes of growth and development. Traditionally, the focus has been on industrialization - and more broadly the reallocation of employment and economic activity from agriculture to manufacturing and services. The new literature considers a broader set of transformations: from rural to urban, from home to market (and from market to home), from informal to formal, and from self-employment to wage work. Drawing on new data sources, including micro data and administrative records, the literature tries to understand the complex interactions of a broad set of market failures, policy distortions, and impediments to the growth process. In broadening the understanding of structural transformation - to encompass processes beyond industrialization - this literature opens the door to a richer understanding of the processes of growth and a wider set of potential levers for policy.