본문 내용으로 건더뛰기

KDI 경제정보센터

ENG
  • Economic

    Information

    and Education

    Center

최신자료
Investment without displacement: How a surge of development changed-and didn’t change-one Detroit neighborhood
Brookings
2024.02.27
From urban renewal to highway expansion, metropolitan development in the United States has often come at the expense of long-term Black residents-either by the direct destruction of their homes or the slow push of rising costs and community dispersion. Now, that story is again playing out in the city of Detroit, where residents and practitioners have been holding their breath, waiting to see who benefits from a surge of new developments.
Consequently, many Detroiters see this downtown resurgence as a cautionary tale for our focus area, Livernois-6 Mile, also known as Livernois-McNichols-an area in northwest Detroit that has seen an uptick in investment since 2015.
Today, downtown Detroit is nearly unrecognizable from previous decades, with new features such as the QLine streetcar system, a renovated Detroit Tigers ballpark, a riverwalk, and Campus Martius Park. Yet as surrounding neighborhoods appreciated in value with increased amenities and services, rising costs pushed out the mostly Black, longtime residents-excluding them from the benefits of development.
In this report, we explore demographic shifts among the five neighborhoods of Livernois-6 Mile relative to recent investments, and if such investment can enter a majority-Black neighborhood without displacing longtime residents. We briefly discuss key factors at play in the strategic development of Livernois, and end by providing thoughts on what investment practitioners should consider to avoid displacement in these neighborhoods and others.