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KDI 경제정보센터

ENG
  • 경제배움
  • Economic

    Information

    and Education

    Center

최신자료
The Impact of Price Transparency in Outpatient Provider Markets
NBER
2024.06.19
Medical provider price transparency is often touted as a way to lower health care spending. But the impact of price transparency is theoretically ambiguous: it could lower health care spending via increased consumer price shopping or improved insurer bargaining but could also raise health care prices via improved provider bargaining or provider collusion. We conduct a randomized-controlled trial to examine the impact of a state-wide medical charge transparency tool in outpatient provider markets in New York State. In the experiment, individual providers’ billed charges (list prices) were released randomly at the level of the procedure and three-digit zipcode. We use a comprehensive commercial claims database to assess the impact of this intervention and find that it leads to a small increase in overall billed charges (+0.75%). This effect is concentrated among low-priced providers in markets with low out-of-network spending, suggesting that the transparency tool improves provider pricing information. We find no evidence of quantity effects. Results do not vary consistently across specialty groups, market concentration, frequency of service use, or frequency of website use. These results are consistent with price transparency having a minimal effect on consumer shopping while slightly improving provider information about competitors’ charges.