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KDI 경제정보센터

ENG
  • Economic

    Information

    and Education

    Center

최신자료
Civil society: Tracking 100 years of economic research beyond markets and states
CEPR
2024.06.19
Using topic modeling on the corpus of papers published in seven leading economics journals since 1900, we study the evolving emphasis in research on themes relating to the state, markets, and civil society, the latter referring to families, firms and other private organizations, neighborhoods, and identity groups. We document a shift between 1900 and 1970 away from research on state-related topics towards the market, even as the economic importance of the state was growing. This was followed by a substantial movement away from market topics towards topics related to civil society. We associate the first shift with the mathematical formalization of the Marshallian paradigm. The subsequent increased attention to civil society coincided with novel empirical methods and research questions, including experiments and the use of large datasets. Advances in game theory and the economics of asymmetric information since the middle of the last century also facilitated the extension of economists’ research agendas to encompass themes central to economic behavior in civil society, including other-regarding preferences and social norms as well as strategic interactions not covered by complete contracts.