본문 내용으로 건더뛰기

KDI 경제정보센터

ENG
  • 경제배움
  • Economic

    Information

    and Education

    Center

최신자료
Never Too Young to Dream Big : Measuring Youth Aspirations in the Time of the COVID-19 Pandemic
World Bank
2024.06.25
This study explores the factors shaping the aspirations of youths in Ethiopia, Malawi, and Nigeria, specifically focusing on their academic goals; science, technology, engineering, or mathematics career interests; and migration intentions. The study draws on a robust dataset comprising 2,725 youth respondents aged 15-25 years, collected through high-frequency phone surveys conducted as part of the World Bank’s Living Standards Measurement Study. Exploring the aspirations of youths in Sub-Saharan Africa is crucial, particularly given that by 2050, half of the region’s population is expected to be younger than 25 years. The findings highlight significant gender and age disparities across youths, with female youths aged 15-18 showing higher educational aspirations than their male peers. However, female youths’ aspirations decline and become lower than those of male youths when they reach 19-25 years old. Conversely, male youths aged 15-18 and 19-25 report higher career and migration aspirations than their female peers. Additionally, educational background emerges as a pivotal factor influencing aspirations. The analysis shows that youths without formal education degrees are less inclined to aspire to higher educational, career aspirations, or migration. Moreover, family and community role models, along with individual attitudes, may contribute to shaping the aspirations of youths in these three countries. In conclusion, building on the findings, the paper formulates a comprehensive set of policy recommendations. These recommendations aim to align the skills and aspirations of youths with the prevailing labor market opportunities, ultimately working toward the reduction of youth unemployment and underemployment rates across these countries.