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최신자료
Statistical Matching for Combining the European Survey on Income and Living Conditions and the Household Budget Surveys: An Evaluation of Energy Expenditures in Bulgaria
World Bank
2024.06.25
Energy poverty has gained attention in the context of increasing energy prices and the recent energy crisis in Europe. However, measuring energy poverty and characterizing the energy poor are challenging, given that expenditure surveys (household budget surveys) often need more information to characterize the energy poor. Additionally, there is no consensus on how to measure and monitor energy poverty. It is also unknown how and why it differs from income poverty. While income poverty relies on a well-defined poverty line, energy poverty does not have a clearly defined energy poverty line that indicates the minimum energy necessary for satisfying basic needs. In addition, monetary poverty and other welfare measures are measured with income in EU countries using the European Survey of Income and Living Conditions. Therefore, it is not straightforward to characterize energy affordability among the monetary income poor or to estimate the overlap between official income poverty and energy poverty.
This paper explores statistical matching as a potential strategy to overcome these data challenges in the context of Bulgaria. Via data fusion, a unique dataset is generated that contains information on energy spending shares, income-based indicators of poverty and inequality, and additional variables on households‘ living conditions and welfare.