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발행물 Economic Bulletin Economic Trends

Economic Trends

The Green Book: Current Economic Trends
Jan 2020
Overview

Services, retail sales and facilities investment improved in November 2019, while mining & manufacturing slowed down, as well as construction investment. Job markets continued to improve in December 2019 and consumer prices rose somewhat.

Industrial production rose 0.4 percent from the previous month in November backed by services (up 1.4%, m-o-m and up 2.5%, y-o-y). Mining & manufacturing fell (down 0.5%, m-o-m and down 0.3%, y-o-y). Industrial production rose 1.2 percent year on year.

Retail sales (up 3.0%, m-o-m and up 3.7%, y-o-y) and facilities investment (up 1.1%, m-o-m and up 0.0%, y-o-y) improved in November. Construction investment went down (down 1.8%, m-o-m and down 4.7%, y-o-y).

Exports continued to decline in December, going down 5.2 percent year-on-year after an 14.4 percent fall in the previous month, due to weak global demand, including the semiconductor market.

The consumer sentiment index (CSI) dropped 0.5 points in December to 100.4. The business sentiment index (BSI) for the manufacturing sector stayed flat at 74, and the outlook for January 2020 improved 2 points to 73.

The cyclical indicator of the coincident composite index fell 0.1 points to 99.3, and the cyclical indicator of the leading composite index rose 0.4 points to 99.2.

The economy added 516,000 jobs year-on-year in December backed by the service sector. The unemployment rate stayed flat compared with a year ago at 3.4 percent.

Consumer prices rose 0.7 percent year-on-year in December. Petroleum product prices turned to an increase and farm product prices fell at a slower rate. Core inflation rose 0.7
percent.

KOSPI rose in December, Korea treasury yields fell somewhat, and the won strengthened. In December, housing prices continued to rise (up 0.19% → up 0.38%, m-o-m), as well as Jeonse (lump-sum deposits with no monthly payments) prices (up 0.14% → up 0.22%, m-o-m).

The economy has seen services and consumption steadily rising, facilities investment slowly recovering. However, exports and construction have been weak.

Although there are signs of recovery in global manufacturing and expectations are growing after the phase one US-China trade deal for rising semiconductor demand, uncertainties continue about how the phase one deal will work for the Korean economy, how fast the semiconductor market will recover and whether the Middle East conflicts will go on.

The government will strengthen its risk management and work to help the economy gain recovery momentum through measures to boost investment, consumption and exports, as planned in the 2020 economic policies.


* For further details, please refer to the attached file.
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