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발행물 Economic Bulletin Economic Trends

Economic Trends

The Green Book: Current Economic Trends
Oct 2020
Overview

Retail sales increased in August, but manufacturing and services output fell, as well as facilities investment and construction investment.


Industrial production fell 0.9 percent from the previous month in August. Mining and manufacturing declined (down 0.7%, m-o-m and down 3.0%, y-o-y), as well as services output (down 1.0%, m-o-m and down 3.7%, y-o-y). Industrial production decreased 3.4 percent year on year.

Retail sales (up 3.0%, m-o-m and up 0.3%, y-o-y) improved. Facilities investment (down 4.4%, m-o-m and down 1.8%, y-o-y) and completed construction works (down 7.1%, m-o-m and down 9.4%, y-o-y) dropped.

Exports rose 7.6 percent year-on-year in September, improving for the first time in seven months, backed by more days worked (2.5 days). Average daily exports, an indicator calculated according to the days worked, fell from a year ago (US $2.18 billion (September 2019) → US $2.09 billion (September 2020)).

The consumer sentiment index (CSI) dropped 8.8 points in September to 79.4. The business sentiment index (BSI) for the manufacturing sector rose 2 points to 68, and the BSI outlook for October stayed flat at 68.

The cyclical indicator of the coincident composite index for August increased 0.4 points to 97.6, and the cyclical indicator of the leading composite index improved 0.6 points to 100.9.

The economy lost 392,000 jobs year-on-year in September as manufacturing jobs and services jobs declined. The unemployment rate rose 0.5 percentage points from a year ago to 3.6 percent.

Consumer prices rose 1.0 percent from a year ago in September. Farm product prices soared due to storms and heavy rain. Core inflation rose 0.9 percent.

KOSPI edged up in September. The won strengthened against the dollar on expectations of a US stimulus package. Korea treasury yields fell backed by foreign investment.

Home price growth slowed down somewhat in September (up 0.47% → up 0.42%, m-o-m), and Jeonse (lump-sum deposits with no monthly payments) prices rose at a faster rate (up 0.44% → up 0.53%, m-o-m).

Although exports have been improving, uncertainties linger as domestic consumption, employment and other real economic indicators have been affected since mid-August by the COVID-19 resurgence.

Real economic indicators pointing to a sluggish recovery in major economies, recovery has faltered in European and emerging economies due to the resurging virus, fueling concerns over a delay in global economic recovery.


* For further details, please refer to the attached file
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