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Economic Trends
Current Economic Trends
May 2023
Services production, retail sales, facility investment and construction investment increased while industrial production decreased in February. Employment growth rose at a faster pace and CPI inflation rose at a slower pace in March.

All industry production increased 0.3 percent month-on-month in February as services production rose (up 0.7% m-o-m and up 7.2% y-o-y) while industrial production fell (down 3.2% m-o-m and down 8.1% y-o-y) from the previous month. 

In February, retail sales rose 5.3 percent month-on-month (down 0.8% y-o-y). Facility investment (up 0.2% m-o-m and up 5.7% y-o-y) and construction investment (up 6.0% m-o-m and up 22.4% y-o-y) all increased from the previous month.

Exports declined 13.6 percent year-on-year in March, reflecting an overall slump in semiconductors, displays and other IT exports. Average daily exports decreased 17.2 percent year-on-year to US $2.30 billion in March 2023.

The consumer sentiment index (CSI) rose 1.8 points month-on-month in March to 92.0. The business survey index (BSI) for all industries rose 3 points to 72, and the BSI outlook for April 2023 increased by 2 points to 73.

In February, the cyclical indicator of the coincident composite index rose 0.4 points month-on-month and the cyclical indicator of the leading composite index fell 0.3 points.

The economy added 469 thousand jobs year-on-year in March and the unemployment rate fell 0.1 percentage points to 2.9 percent.

Consumer prices rose at a slower pace by 4.2 percent year-on-year in March, and the CPI excluding the food and energy sectors rose by 4.0 percent and the index excluding the agricultural and petroleum products rose by 4.8 percent.

In March, stock prices increased, Korean Treasury yields fell, and the won strengthened on expectations for shifting monetary tightening policies, and also as financial instability caused by the collapse of some small and medium-sized US banks was alleviated.

Housing price falls slowed down in March (from down 1.15% to down 0.78% m-o-m), and the falls in Jeonse prices (lump-sum deposits with no monthly payments) were also somewhat slower than the previous month (from down 1.80% to down 1.13% m-o-m).

Amid an easing of inflation in Korea, domestic demand has gradually improved backed by an increase of in-person activities. However, economic growth continued to slow down mainly in the manufacturing industry as indicated by downturns in exports and facility investment.

Global economic uncertainties continue to linger driven by downside risks including financial instability in the vulnerable sectors stemming from monetary tightening policies and concerns about the prolonged Russia-Ukraine war, despite expectations of China’s reopening.

The government will make all-out efforts not only for restructuring the economy but also for increasing economic vitality, better managing risks at home and abroad, boosting exports, investment and domestic demand while stabilizing prices and households’ livelihoods.


* For further details, please refer to the attached file